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  • Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.uti.edu.ec//handle/123456789/3005
    Title: Hunting alters viral transmission and evolution in a large carnivore
    Authors: Fountain-Jones, Nicholas
    Kraberger, Simona
    Gagne, Roderick
    Gilbertson, Marie
    Trumbo, Daryl
    Charleston, Michael
    Salermo, Patricia
    Chris, Funk
    Crooks, Kevin
    Logan, Kenneth
    Alldredge, Mathew
    Dellicour, Simon
    Issue Date: 2022
    Publisher: Nature Ecology and Evolution. Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 174 - 182
    Abstract: Hunting can fundamentally alter wildlife population dynamics but the consequences of hunting on pathogen transmission and evolution remain poorly understood. Here, we present a study that leverages a unique landscape-scale quasi-experiment coupled with pathogen-transmission tracing, network simulation and phylodynamics to provide insights into how hunting shapes feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) dynamics in puma (Puma concolor). We show that removing hunting pressure enhances the role of males in transmission, increases the viral population growth rate and increases the role of evolutionary forces on the pathogen compared to when hunting was reinstated. Changes in transmission observed with the removal of hunting could be linked to short-term social changes while the male puma population increased. These findings are supported through comparison with a region with stable hunting management over the same time period. This study shows that routine wildlife management can have impacts on pathogen transmission and evolution not previously considered.
    URI: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41559-021-01635-5
    Appears in Collections:Artículos Científicos Indexados

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